How can Houseplants improve air quality?

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The Air Quality of our home gets degraded by Aerosols, cleaning products, gas stoves, open fires, paint, and cigarette smoke. Without proper ventilation, airborne toxins such as formaldehyde, benzene, xylene, and ammonia can build up in our homes and may make us sick.

We may suffer from headaches, nausea, skin problems, breathing issues(like asthma), and irritation of the eyes and throat. Our normal mood and motivation level may be badly affected as well. Thus poor air quality degrades our quality of life as well.

Plants can act as filters for these pollutants and help neutralize them. Studies done by NASA in 1989 found that keeping three or more large houseplants per person in an office can detoxify the air of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by up to 75 percent.

How do the houseplants improve air quality?

1 ) Release of Oxygen by plants as a by-product of photosynthesis & absorption of carbon dioxide: The fundamental benefit of plants is that they oxygenize the air. When we breathe in oxygen, our bodies respire to produce carbon dioxide.

Plants absorb that carbon dioxide as they photosynthesize and release oxygen, helping the cycle repeat.

2) Removal of pollutants: Many plants absorb toxic chemicals via pores in their leaves. They also humidify the air, which acts to push toxins to the soil to be broken down.

3) Release of water vapor: Photosynthesis causes leaves to release water vapor, which humidifies the air and may help reduce asthma symptoms.

4) Convection currents caused by the transpiration process pull the pollutants down into the soil.

5) Microbes living in the soil break down the toxins, neutralizing and consuming them as food.